Matthew Hopkins (1620–1647) began his witch-finding career began in 1645 with assistant John Sterne, claiming to have the backing of Parliament (which he did not) and is believed to have been responsible for the deaths of 300 women over the course of two years. For other uses, see, At this time the New Year did not occur until 25, The Discovery of Witches – In Answer to Several Queries, Lately Delivered to the Judges of Assize for the County of Norfolk; London; 1647, Jewett, Clarence F. The memorial history of Boston: including Suffolk County, Massachusetts. Adam said there is a legend that he was killed by his own methods by angry townsfolk who turned against him, but it … [52][53] It was believed that the witch's familiar, an animal such as a cat or dog, would drink the witch's blood from the mark, as a baby drinks milk from the nipple. [51] If the suspected witch had no such visible marks invisible ones could be discovered by pricking, therefore "witch prickers" were employed, who pricked the accused with knives and special needles looking for such marks, normally after the suspect had been shaved of all body hair. [54][55] Gaule had attended a woman from St Neots who was held in gaol charged with witchcraft until such time as Hopkins could attend. 133–137. [citation needed] Therefore, presuming the number executed as a result of investigations by Hopkins and his colleague John Stearne is at the lower end of the estimates,[8][9][10] their efforts accounted for about 20% of the total. 1630–1880. Together with their female assistants, they were well paid for their work, and it has been suggested that this was a motivation for his actions. Execution for the very crime he had persecuted so many others for may have been a fitting end for Matthew Hopkins. He fell by accident, in his native county of Suffolk, into contact with one or two reputed witches, and, being a man of an observing turn and an ingenious … Gaule hearing of this letter wrote his publication Select Cases of Conscience touching Witches and Witchcrafts; London, (1646)[57] – dedicated to Colonel Walton of the House of Commons[54] – and began a programme of Sunday sermons to suppress witch-hunting. As late as 1895 a husband burnt his wife to death for being a witch. Photo by Wellcome images CC BY 4.0 Not surprisingly, most were con artists who used sleight of hand to expose witchery. In March 1644 he alleged his first discovery of witches—six of them, in Manningtree, who he claimed tried to kill him. Corrections? Histories which say that he was lynched or swum are likely to be wide of the mark as far as accuracy is concerned. Matthew Hopkins, (born, Wenham, Suffolk, Eng.—died Aug. 12, 1647), English witch-hunter during a witchcraft craze of the English Civil Wars. It is likely that Hopkins and his colleague, John Stearne, were responsible for most of these. [18][19] His father was popular with his parishioners, one of whom in 1619 left money to purchase Bibles for his then three children James, John and Thomas. Twenty-three women were accused of witchcraft and were tried at Chelmsford in 1645. Matthew Hopkins died at his home in Manningtree, Essex, on 12 August 1647, probably of pleural tuberculosis. It also starred Ian Ogilvy, Hilary Dwyer and Rupert Davies. While they were all convicted and hanged almost immediately, the trial did cast down on the validity of Matthew Hopkins the Witchfinder General. Of the suspects Matthew Hopkins managed to convict, 100 witches were from the eastern counties. The other three members of her family died during the terrible first winter of the Plymouth Colony. [40] Four died in prison and nineteen were convicted and hanged. Hopkins, too, was fading – he died a young man in 1647, most probably from tuberculosis. Facts about Matthew Hopkins The facts about Matthew Hopkins have decribed above, do not you enjoy reading these amazing facts? Many suspects died of Jail fever in the cells of Colchester Castle The interrogations took place in the dark cells of Colchester Castle, where many women died as a result of their incarceration before ever being brought to court. They lived in Plymouth until about 1631, when they…. In the 14 months of their crusade Hopkins and Stearne sent to the gallows more accused people than all the other witch-hunters in England of the previous 160 years. Known that Matthew Hopkins died at his home in Manningtree, Essex, on August 12, 1647, caused of tuberculosis. [1], Hopkins' witch-finding career began in March 1644[a] and lasted until his retirement in 1647. [63] Some of Hopkins' methods were once again employed during the Salem Witch Trials,[64] which occurred primarily in Salem, Massachusetts, in 1692–93. How did Matthew Hopkins die? A further test was to fling the accused bound into water, because a witch, having denied his or her baptism, would in turn be repelled by the water so that he or she would float and not sink into it. He was buried in the village churchyard of Mistley Heath in which is now an unmarked grave. [15][17] The family at one point held title "to lands and tenements in Framlingham 'at the castle'". [16] His father, James Hopkins, was a Puritan clergyman and vicar of St John's of Great Wenham, in Suffolk. His exact date of death is not known, but it is reasonable to assume he died no more than four days before his burial. [20] Although James Hopkins had died in 1634,[14] when the iconoclast William Dowsing, commissioned in 1643 by the Parliamentarian Earl of Manchester[21] "for the destruction of monuments of idolatry and superstition", visited the parish in 1645 he noted that "there was nothing to reform". [1] They extended throughout the area of strongest Puritan and Parliamentarian influences which formed the powerful and influential Eastern Association from 1644 to 1647, which was centred on Essex. Millions had died in Europe. John Alden and Priscilla Alden: Priscilla Mullins went to America with her parents and younger brother. Hopkins and his assistants also looked for the Devil's mark. [31] Prior to this point, any malicious acts on the part of witches were treated identically to those of other criminals, until it was seen that, according to the then-current beliefs about the structure of witchcraft, they owed their powers to a deliberate act of their choosing. [63] About eighty people throughout New England were accused of practising witchcraft during that period, of whom fifteen women and two men were executed. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. When asked this type of question it is important for historians to be able to give both sides of the argument in order to present a fair answer. [7], It has been estimated that all of the English witch trials between the early 15th and late 18th centuries resulted in fewer than 500 executions for witchcraft. As a result of Hopkins' allegations, 19 were hanged and four died in prison. [62] During the year following the publication of Hopkins' book, trials and executions for witchcraft began in the New England colonies with the hanging of Alse Young of Windsor, Connecticut on May 26, 1647, followed by the conviction of Margaret Jones. His activities mainly took place in East Anglia. He was buried in the graveyard of the church of St Mary at Mistley heath. [27] From the way that he presented evidence in trials, Hopkins is commonly thought to have been trained as a lawyer, but there is scant evidence to suggest this was the case. PCh I Glim $2,500.00 Gwy no17028 AnaRosenbohm; PCh … The Pendle trial was before Hopkins was born, but he was directly responsible for finding all 18 people in Bury guilty of witchcraft due to his detection methods. While every effort has been made to follow citation style rules, there may be some discrepancies. [30] The work of Hopkins and John Stearne was not necessarily to prove any of the accused had committed acts of maleficium, but to prove that they had made a covenant with the Devil. 1 2 3. It has long been propounded that Hopkins was himself accused of being a witch, subjected to his own test of being bound and thrown into water and hanged after he was found to float. In 1620, Matthew Hopkins, the son of a local minister, was born at Great Wenham, Suffolk. Carlos Sia, 62 Mr Sia worked at Worcestershire Royal Hospital, as did his wife Cindy and daughter, Clair. Hopkins and John Stearne took on the role of investigators, stating that they had seen familiars while watching her. How old was Matthew Hopkins when he died? Fraden, Judith Bloom, Dennis Brindell Fraden. Little is known of Hopkins before 1644, but apparently he had been a lawyer, practicing in Essex. His family was reportedly well off and respected by citizens. Matthew Blaisdel was a modern-day cowboy, ruggedly handsome, sincere, and polite. [41], Hopkins and Stearne, accompanied by the women who performed the pricking, were soon travelling over eastern England, claiming to be officially commissioned by Parliament to uncover and prosecute witches. This was a mark that all witches or sorcerers were thought to possess that was said to be dead to all feeling and would not bleed – although it was sometimes a mole, birthmark or an extra nipple or breast. Methods of investigating witchcraft heavily drew inspiration from the Daemonologie of King James, which was directly cited in Hopkins' The Discovery of Witches. How the infamous, self-styled "Witch-finder General" – Matthew Hopkins took to his notorious business throughout East Anglia in the 1640's. Few legal wins so far as Trump team hunts for proof of fraud The locals promptly hung Hopkins on the spot-which explains why there are no records of a trial. Hopkins was born around 1620 near a small village in Essex, England. Portrait of Matthew Hopkins, “The Celebrated Witch-finder” from the 1837 edition of ‘The Discovery of Witches’. [44][60][61], Hopkins' witch-hunting methods were outlined in his book The Discovery of Witches, which was published in 1647. The cost to the local community of Hopkins and his company were such that, in 1645, a special local tax rate had to be levied in Ipswich. At the age of 23, Heath made her feature acting debut in Michael Reeves' creepy historical horror flick Witchfinder General, which fictionalized in rather brutal fashion the witch-hunting exploits of 17th-century Englishman Matthew Hopkins, played by horror icon Vincent Price. At 19, he drove to school from a ranch in a pickup truck, and met 16-year-old Claudia Barrows. Superstition, it is clear, takes a long time to die. [12] He was born in Great Wenham, Suffolk[13][14][15] and was the fourth son[13] of six children. Hopkins and his company ran into opposition very soon after the start of their work,[40] but one of his main antagonists was John Gaule, vicar of Great Staughton in Huntingdonshire. [33] Within continental and Roman Law witchcraft was crimen exceptum: a crime so foul that all normal legal procedures were superseded. Matthew Hopkins died on August 11th 1647 from suspected Tuberculosis. He was buried a few hours after his death in the graveyard of the Church of St Mary at Mistley Heath. [23] Hopkins states in his book The Discovery of Witches (1647)[24] that he "never travelled far ... to gain his experience". He is the recipient of multiple accolades, including an Academy Award, three BAFTAs, two Emmys and the Cecil B. DeMille Award.In 1993, he was knighted by Queen Elizabeth II for services to the arts. [49] He would also cut the arm of the accused with a blunt knife, and if she did not bleed, she was said to be a witch. In the words of historian Malcolm Gaskill, Matthew Hopkins "lives on as an anti-hero and bogeyman – utterly ethereal, endlessly malleable". Your first assessment in this topic will focus on whether or not Matthew Hopkins deserved to die. Cabell deliberately eschews context – historical, social and legal – because he wants to concentrate on Matthew Hopkins, whom he believes to have been uniquely evil. Another method was to force the accused to walk about all night, for only when at rest could a witch summon his or her familiars, who would terrify the accusers away. Matthew Hopkins died at his home in Manningtree on the 12th August 1647 of pleural tuberculosis and was buried in the graveyard of the Church of St Mary at Mistley Heath. Emboldened by his success, Hopkins hired four assistants and began hunting for witches all over Suffolk, Essex, and East Anglia. Portrait of Matthew Hopkins, “The Celebrated Witch-finder” from the 1837 edition of The Discovery of Witches. [4][5][6] He is believed to have been responsible for the executions of over 100 alleged witches between the years 1644 and 1646. [28], Following the Lancaster Witch Trials (1612–1634), William Harvey, physician to King Charles I of England, had been ordered to examine the four women accused,[29] and from this there came a requirement to have material proof of being a witch. Matthew Hopkins died at his home in Manningtree, Essex, on 12 August 1647, probably of pleural tuberculosis. The passion they shared resulted in pregnancy and eventually marriage. According to historian Rossell Hope Robbins, Hopkins "acquired an evil reputation which in later days made his name synonymous with fingerman or informerp… He pricked any skin deformity on the accused that was thought to be an extra pap for suckling imps; such parts, if insensible, were believed to prove that the accused was a witch. Free e-mail watchdog. He was buried a few hours after his death in the graveyard of the Church of St Mary at Mistley Heath. Upon hearing that the woman had been interviewed, Hopkins wrote a letter[54][56] to a contact asking whether he would be given a "good welcome". His father, James Hopkins, was a clergyman of the Church of England. [35][36] Both Hopkins and Stearne would have required some form of letters of safe conduct[37][38] to be able to travel throughout the counties. But by 1647 it was all over and Hopkins was dead, aged just 27. [48] Although torture was nominally unlawful in England, Hopkins often used techniques such as sleep deprivation to extract confessions from his victims. This was 1967 when the film Witchfinder General about the evil Matthew Hopkins was being made and it was released in the spring and summer of the following year. Matthew Hopkins died at his home in Manningtree, Essex, on 12 August 1647, probably of pleural tuberculosis. [58], In Norfolk both Hopkins and Stearne were questioned by justices of the assizes, about the torturing and fees. Probably in 1623 she and John were married. Another of his methods was the swimming test, based on the idea that as witches had renounced their baptism, water would reject them. In fact, Hopkins died after an illness, likely tuberculosis . In August of 1647, at the age of just 26 or 27, Matthew Hopkins keeled over in Manningtree and died. According to some versions, Hopkins sank and drowned. 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